The Mittelrhein (“Middle Rhein”) starts just below Bonn and extends for about 60 miles south surrounding the Rhein. This area is renowned for its beauty and the steep, terraced vineyards covering the slate covered slopes, as well as the medieval castles and ruins that top the hills. The town of Bacharach has been the center of the wine industry in this area since the Middle Ages. The combination of slate and clay soils help to produce wines possessing a significant acidity. The major grapes are Riesling, Möler-Thurgau and Kerner. The wines produced are characterized as fresh and fragrant marked by a fruity acidity that can give the wines an austere aspect.