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Wine names and pronunciation




Our glossary of wine names and wine-related words includes a brief description of each term and phonetic spelling.

You don’t need to speak French, German, Italian or Spanish to help pronounce these words. Try the phonetic rendition. Pronounce the separated syllables as they are written in English. For example, Paris is pronounced Pair-is in English, but in French Paris is pronounced Pa-ree, stressing the final syllable as is usual in French pronunciation.

French chateaux wine producers are listed alphabetically by the name of the chateau and marked with an asterisk (*). For example, “Chateau d’Yquem” is listed as *Yquem (d’) and is pronounced Chateau Dee-Kem.

GLOSSARY OF FRENCH, ITALIAN & GERMAN WINE TERMS

GLOSSARY OF SPANISH WINE TERMS ↓

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Agrafe (ah-grahf)

Metal cap for secondary fermentation

Alsace (Ahl-zahss)

Vineyard region in northeastern France

Anjou (Ahn-zhoo)

Vineyard area in the Loire Valley in France

Assemblage (Ah-sem-blaushj)

Blending a still wine before secondary fermentation

Asti Spumante (Ah-stee Spoo-mahn-tee)

A sparkling white wine from Piedmont, Italy

Auslese (Owss-leh-zeh)

Selected picking of fully-ripened grapes

Ausone (Ow-zo-neh)

SA First Classified Great Growth in St. Emilion

Avignon (Ah-veen-yong)

Major city of the Cotes du Rhone region of France

Bacchus (Ba-kus)

The Roman God of Wine

Ban de Vendange (Bahn duh Vehng-Dahzh)

The prescribed day to start the vintage

Bandol (Bahn-dohl)

A red Premier Cru in Savigny

Barbaresco (Bar-ba-ress-ko)

A red Premier Cru in Savigny

Barbera (Bar-beh-ra)

A red Premier Cru in Savigny

Bardolino (Bar-doh-lee-no)

A Veronese red wine

Barolo (Ba-ro-lo)

A fine red wine from Piedmont

Barrique (Ba-reek)

Bordeaux wine barrel containing 54 gl

Beaujolais (Bo-zho-lay)

Red wine region of Southern Burgundy

Beaune (Bone)

The capital of Burgundy

Beerenauslese (Beh-ren-owss-leh-zeh)

Individually selected overripe grapes

Bellet (Bell-lay)

Small appellation in Cote de Provence

Bereich (Bay-rye’kh)

Small district within a Gebeit (Germany)

Bernkastel (Behrn-has-tel)

The chief vineyard city of the Middle Moselle

Beycheville (Baysh-veel)

Classified Fourth Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Bianco Toscano (B’yahn-ko Tohs-ka-no)

A dry white wine from Tuscany

Bienvenues (B’yeng-vuh-nu)

White Grand Cru in Puligny-Montrachet

Blanc (Blohng)

White

Blanc fume (Blohng Fu-may)

Sauvignon Blanc as known in the Loire

Blanchot (Blawng-sho)

Grand Cru in Chablis Chablis

Bocksbeutel (Box-boy-tel)

Flat sided squat bottle from Franconia

Bonnes-Mares (Bun Mar)

Red Grand Cru in Chambolle-Musigny

Bordeaux (Bor-doh)

Major city in the department of Gironde

Bourgogne (Aligote Boor-goy’n Ah-lee-go-tae)

A lesser wine from the Chablis region

Bougros (Boo-gro)

Grand Cru in Chablis

Bourgueil (Boor-goy)

Red wine commune in Cote de Touraine

Brane-Cantenac (Brahn-Kahn-tuh-nahk)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Brouilly (Broo-yee)

The largest commune in Beaujolais

Brut (Broot)

The driest champagne

Cabernet Franc (Ka-behr-nay Frahng)

A red wine grape of Bordeaux

Calon-Segur (Ka-lohng Say-goor)

Classified Third Growth in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Campania (Kahm-pahn-ya)

A Department in southern Italy

Canon (Ka-nohng)

A first great growth of St. Emilion

Carbonnieux (Kar-bohn-yuh)

A Classified Growth in Graves (white)

Cassis (Ka-sees)

White wine appellation(Cote de Provence)

Certan-de-May (Sair-tahng duh May)

A first growth in Pomerol

Chablis (Sha-blee)

White wine region north of the Cote d’Or

Chaintre (Shant-tray)

White wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Chambertin (Shawm-behr-tahng)

Red Grand Cru in Gevrey-Chambertin

Chambolle-Musigny (Shawm-bohl-Moo-seen-yee)

Red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Champagne (Shawm-pine)

Vineyard region northeast of Paris

Charmes (Sharm)

White Premier Cru in Meursault

Chassagne-Montrachet (Sha-sign-Mohng-ra-shay)

White wine commune in the Cote du Beaune

Chasse-Spleen (Shahss-Spleen)

Classified Cru Exceptionnel in Medoc

Chasselas (Shahss-la)

White grape grown in Pouilly-sur-Loire

Chateau (sha-toh)

A specified viticultural holding

Chenas (Shay-na)

A commune in Beaujolais

Cheval Blanc (Shuh-vahl Blohng)

A first great classified growth in St. Emilion

Chianti (K’yahn-tee)

The famous red wine from Tuscany

Chinon (Shee-nohng)

Red wine commune in Coteaux de Touraine

Chiroubles (Shee-roobl)

A commune in Beaujolais

Climat (klee-ma)

A small vineyard holding in Burgundy

Climens (Klee-men)

A classified first growth in Sauternes

Clos (Klo)

A Grand Cru in Chablis

Clos de Beze (Klo duh Bayz)

Red Grand Cru in Gevrey-Chambertin

Clos de Vougeot (Klo duh Voo-zho)

Red Grand Cru in Vougeot

Clos St. Denis (Klo Sahng duh-nee)

Red Grand Cru in Morey-St. Denis

Commune (ko-m’yoon)

A delimited vineyard area in Cote d’Or

Condrieu (Kohn-dree-yuh)

White wine vineyard area Cote du Rhone

Corton (Le) (Kor-tohng)

Red Grand Cru in Aloxe-Corton

Cos d’Estournel (Kos-dess-toor-nel)

A classified second growth in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Cos-Labory (kos-La-bo-ree)

A classified fifth growth in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Cote de Beaune (Koht duh Bone)

The southern region of the cote d’Or

Cote de Beaune Village (Koht duh Bone Vee-lahj)

Appellation for Cote de Beaune (red)

Cote de Brouilly (Koht duh Broo-yee)

A superior commune in Beaujolais

Cote Maconnais (Koht Ma-ko-nay)

North central region, Southern Burgundy

Cote de Nuits (Koht duh N’wee)

Northern region of the Cote d’Or

Cote de Nuits-Village (Koht duh N’wee Vee-lahj)

Appellation for Cote de Nuits (red)

Cotes de Provence (Koht duh Pro-vawnss)

The wine region of Provence

Cote d’Or (Koht dor)

The heart of the Burgundy region

Cote Rotie (Koht ro-tee)

Red wine vineyard area in Cote de Beaune

Coteaux de Touraine (Ko-toh duh Too-rain)

A vineyard area of the Loire

Cotes du Rhone (Koht du Rohn)

Vineyard region in the Rhone Valley

Coutet (Koo-tay)

A Classified First Growth in Sauternes

Criots (Les) (Cree-yo)

White Grand Cru in Puligny-Montrachet

Cuvee (koo-vay)

A specific assemblage (blend)

Dordogne (Dor-doyn)

A tributary of the Gironde River

Degorgement (day-gorj-mahn)

Removing frozen sediment from Champagne

Deuxieme taille (duhz-yem tie)

The third pressing in Champagne (AKA Second Taille)

Dionysus (Dee-yo-nye-sus)

The Greek god of wine

Dominode (La) (Doh-mee-nohd)

A red Premier Cru in Savigny

Dom Perignon (Dohm Pay-reen-yohng)

The Benedictine monk famous in Champagne

Dosage de tirage (doh-zahzh duh tee-rahzh)

Dosage for uniform secondary fermentation

Ducru-Beaucaillou (Doo-kroo-Bo-kye-yoo)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Durfort-Vivens (Dur-for – Vee-vawnss)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Echezeaux (Les) (Es-sheh-zo)

Red Grand Cru in Flagey-Echezeaux

Eigene Abfullung (Eye-geh-neh AHB-ful-loong)

Bottled by the vineyard owner (literally “one’s own
bottling”)

Einsellage (INE-zel-la-gha)

An individual vineyard site in Germany

Eiswein (ICE-vine)

Perfectly ripened, partially frozen grapes, with concentrated
sugars

Emilia-Romagna (Ay-meel-ya Ro-mahn-ya)

A department in north-central Italy

Enkirch (En-korkh)

A vineyard village of the Middle Moselle

En primeur (ahng pree-mer)

The first sale of a chateau-bottled Bordeaux

Entre-Deux-Mers (Awn-tru Duh Mair)

Lesser red wine district of Bordeaux

Epenots (Les) (Eh-peh-no)

Red Premier Cru in Pommard

Epluchage (ay-plu-shahzh)

Selecting the perfect grapes in Champagne

Erbach (Air-bahkh)

A vineyard village of the Rheingau

Est! Est!! Est!!! (Est Est Est)

A delightful white wine from Montefiascone (Italy)

Falerno (Fa-lair-no)

An ancient red wine from Campania (Italy)

Falfas (Fahl-fa)

A Classified Growth in the Cotes de Bourg

Feves (Les) (Fev)

Red Premier Cru in Beaune

Figeac (Fee-zhahk)

A Great Classified Growth in St. Emilion

Fixin (Feek-zeng)

The northernmost commune in the Cote de Nuits

Flagey-Echezeaux (Fla-zhey Eh-sheh-zo)

A small red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Fleurie (Fluh-ree)

A commune in Beaujolais

Fleur-Pourret (La) (Flerr Poo-ray)

A Classified Principal Growth in St. Emilion

Frascati (Fra-ska-tee)

A strong red wine from Latium (Italy)

Frecciarossa (Frey-cha-ro-sa)

“Chateau-bottled” red and white wine (Lombardy)

Fuder (FOO-der)

A large wooden cask used in the Moselle

Fuisse (Fwee-say)

White wine village in the Cote Maconnais

Gamay (Ga-may)

A red wine grape used mainly in Beaujolais

Garonne (Ga-rawn)

A tributary of the Gironde River

Gazin (Ga-zeng)

A First Growth in Pomerol

Gebeit (Geh-BEET)

Region. A wine-growing region in Germany

Gevrey-Chambertin (Zhev-ray Shawn-bair-ten)

The largest commune in the Cote de Nuits

Gewurztraminer (Guh-VERTS-tra-mee-ner)

A superior quality & spicy winegrape

Gironde (Zhee-rawnd)

The major river of Bordeaux

Givry (Zhee-vree)

A commune in the Cote Chalonnais

Goldtropfchen (Golt-trupf-shen)

The famous vineyard in Piesport (Moselle)

Goutte dor (Goot Dor)

White Premier Cru in Meursault

Graach (Grahkh)

A vineyard village in Middle Moselle

Grand Cru (Grahng Kroo)

A great growth in Burgundy

Grands (Echezeaux (Les) Grahng Es-sheh-zo)

Red Grand Cru in Flagey-Echezeaux

Graves (Grahv)

A red and white wine district of Bordeaux

Gravieres (Les) (Grahv-yair)

Red Premier Cru in Santenay

Grenouille (Gruh-nwee)

A Grand Cru in Chablis

Greves (Les) (Grev)

Red Premier Cru in Beaune

Grillet (Gree-yay)

A very small white wine estate in Condrieu (Rhone)

Grosslage (GROHSS-la-guh)

Area formed by neighboring German vineyards

Gruaud-Larose (Gru-oh – La-rose)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Grumello (Groo-mel-lo)

A fine red wine from Valtellina (Lombardy)

Guiraud (Ghee-ro)

A Classified First Growth in Sauternes

Haut-Bailly (Oh-By-yee)

A Classified Growth in Graves (red)

Haut-Brion (Oh-Bree-yohng)

A Classified First Growth in Graves (red)

Hermitage (Air-mee-tahzh)

Red wine area in the Cotes du Rhone

Himmelreich (Him-mel-rye’kh)

The most famous vineyard in Graach (Moselle)

Hipping (Hip-ping)

Most famous vineyard Nierstein (Rheinhesse)

Hochheim (Hohkh-hime)

The famous charity hospital in Beaune

Ile des Vergelesses (Eel day Vair-zheh-less)

Red Premier Cru in Pernand-Vergelesses

Inferno (Een-fair-no)

A fine red wine from Valtellina (Lombardy)

Issan (d’) (Dee-sahng)

A Classified Third Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Johannisberg (Yo-ha-ness-bairg)

A vineyard town in the Rheingau

Julienas (jool-yeh-nahs)

A commune in Beaujolais

Kabinett (Ka-bee-nett)

Basic grade of Qualitatswein Mit Pradikat

Karthauserhofberg (Kart-hoy-zer-hohf-bairg)

An important estate in Eitelsbach (Saar)

Kupfergrube (Koop-fer-groo-beh)

An important vineyard in the Nahe

La (La)

The – feminine in French

Lacryma Christi (La-kree-ma Kree-stee)

A still and sparkling white wine from Campania

Lafite-Rothschild (La-feet – Rohts-sheeld)

A Classified First Growth in Medoc (Pauillac)

Lafon-Rochet (La-fohng – Ro-shay)

A Classified Fourth Growth in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Lake Garda (Lake Gar-da)

Famous lake in Verona

Lambrusco (Lahm-broo-sko)

A slightly sweet red wine from Emilia

Lascombes (Lahs-kawmb)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

La Tache (La Tahsh)

Red Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

Latium (La-tee-yum)

A Department in central Italy

Latour (La-toor)

A Classified First Growth in Medoc (Pauillac)

La Tour Blanche (La Toor Blawnsh)

A Classified First Growth in Sauternes

Le (Luh)

The – masculine in French

Leiwen (Lie-ven)

A vineyard village of the Middle Moselle

Lenchen (Len-shen)

The most famous vineyard in Oestrich (Rheingau)

Leognan (Lay-oh-n’yahng)

A principal parish in Graves

Leoville-Barton (Lay-oh-veel Bar-Tohng)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Leoville-Lascases (Lay-oh-veel Lahs-kahz)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Leoville-Poyfere (Lay-oh-veel Pwa-fay-ray)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Les (Lay)

The – Plural in French

Liebfraumilch (Leeb-frow-milkh)

The most popular Rhine wine

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Liqueur d’expedition (Lee-kerr dex-pay-dee-s’yong)

The shipping dosage in Champagne

Lirac (Lee-rahk)

A Vin Rose commune in the Cotes du Rhone

Loire (Valley) (L’war)

Vineyard area along the Loire River

Lombardy (Lom-bar-dee)

A Department in northeast Italy

Macon (Ma-kohng)

The principal town in the Cote Maconnais

Macon Blanc (Ma-kohng Blohng)

White wine from the Cote Maconnais

Macon-Villages (Ma-kohng Vee-lahzh)

Finer white wine from the Cote Maconnais

Magdelaine (Mahg-deh-lain)

A First Great Classified Growth in St. Emilion

Malbec (Mahl-bek)

A red wine grape of Bordeaux

Marbuzet (Mar-bu-zay)

Classified Cru Exceptionnel in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Marc (Mark)

Press loading in Champagne totaling four tons

Marche (Mar-kay)

A Department in east central Italy

Marcobrunn (Mar-ko-broon)

The most famous vineyard in Erbach (Moselle)

Marconnets (Les) (Mar-ko-nay)

A red Premier Cru in Beaune

Margaux (Mar-go)

A principal parish in Haut-Medoc

Margaux (Mar-go)

A Classified First Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Marsala (Mar-sa-la)

A sweet fortified wine from Sicily

Marseillaise (La) (Mar-say-yaze)

The French National Anthem

Martillac (Mar-teel-yahk)

A principal parish in Graves

Maximin Grunhaus (Max-zee-min Grun-howss)

An important estate in Mertesdorf (Saar)

Mazis-Chambertin (Ma-zee Shawm-bair-teng)

Red Grand Cru in Gevrey-Chambertin

Medoc (May-dohk)

The major red wine district of Bordeaux

Mercurey (Mair-ku-rey)

A commune in the Cote Chalonnais

Merlot (Mair-lo)

A red wine grape of Bordeaux

Meursault (Merr-so)

A white wine commune in the Cote de Beaune

Mission-Haut-Brion (Mees-yohng Oh-Bree-yohng)

A Classified Growth in Graves (red)

Mit Pradikat (Mitt Pray-dee-kaht)

Superior grade of Qualitatswein

Montagny (Mohng-tahn-yee)

A commune in the Cote Chalonnais

Montefiascone (Mohn-tee-f’yahs-ko-nay)

Vineyard town on Lake Bolsena in Latium

Montrachet (Le) (Mohng-ra-shay)

White Grand Cru in Puligny-Montrachet

Monthelie (Mohng-tay-lee)

Small red wine commune in the Cote de Beaune

Montrose (Mohng-rose)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Monts des Milieu (Mohng day Meel-yuh)

A Premier Cru in Chablis

Morey-St. Denis (Mo-ray Sahng Duh-nee)

Small red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Morgon (More-gong)

A commune in Beaujolais

Moselblumchen (Mo-sel-bloom-chen)

A blended wine – “little flwer of the
Moselle”

Moulin-a-Vent (Moo-leng-ah-Veng)

The best known commune in Beaujolais

Mouton-Rothschild (Moo-tohng – roht-sheel)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Pauillac)

Muscadet (Muss-ka-day)

Vineyard region of the Loire Valley

Musigny (Les) (Mu-zeen-yee)

Red Grand Cru in Chambolle-Musigny

Nahe (Na-heh)

A vineyard area of the Rhine

Nebbiolo (Nebb-yo-lo)

A red wine grape of Italy

Negociant (Nay-hohs-yahng)

A wine shipper

Nierstein (Neer-shtine)

Vineyard village of the Rheinhesse

Nuits St. Georges (N’wee Seng-Zhorzh)

A red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Oestrich (Err-strich)

A vineyard village of the Rheingau

Olivier (Oh-leev-yay)

A Classified Growth in Graves (white)

Oppenheim (Ohp-pen-hime)

A vineyard village of the Rheinhesse

Orvieto Abbocatto (Orv-yay-toh Ahb-bo-ka-toh)

Slightly fruity white wine from Umbria

Orvieto Secco (Orv-yay-toh Sek-ko)

Dry white wine from Umbria

PalatinateRheinpfalz (Pa-la-tee-nate)

A vineyard area of the Rhine

Palette (Pa-let)

A red wine appellation in Cotes de Provence

Palmer (Pahl-mair)

A Classified Third Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Paniers (pahn-yay)

Baskets used by grape pickers in Champagne

Pape Clement (Pahp Clay-mohng)

A Classified Growth in Graves (red)

Passe-tous-Grains (Pahss-too-Greng)

A red wine made from both Pinot Noir and Gamay

Pauillac (Pohl-yahk)

A principal parish in the Haut-Medoc

Pavie (Pa-vee)

A First Great Classified Growth in St. Emilion

Pernand-Vergelesses (Pair-nahng Vair-zhuh-less)

A red wine commune in the Cote de Beaune

Pessac (Pess-sahk)

A principal parish in Graves

Petit Chablis (Puh-tee Sha-blee)

A lesser appellation in Chablis

Petit-Village (Puh-tee Vee-lahzh)

A First Growth in Pomerol

Petrus (Pay-truss)

A Great First Growth in Pomerol

Phelan-Segur (Fay-lahng Say-gur)

A Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel in Medoc (St. Estephe)

Phylloxera (Fy-lox-eh-ra)

Native American plant (root) lice

Pichon-Lalande (Pee-shohng La-lahnd)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Pauillac)

Pichon-Longueville (Pee-shohng Long-veel)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Pauillac)

Piedmont (Peed-mont)

A Department in northeast Italy

Pinot Noir (Pee-no N’war)

The noble red grape of Burgundy

Piron (Pee-rohng)

A Classified Principal Growth in Graves

Pomerol (Po-may-rol)

A red wine district of Bordeaux

Pommard (Po-mar)

The best known commune in the Cote de Beaune

Pouilly-Fuisse (Poo-yee Fwee-say)

Famous white wine from the Cote Maconnais

Pouilly-Fume (Poo-yee Foo-may)

The important wine from the Loire Valley

Pouilly-Loche (Poo-yee Lohsh)

White wine commune in the Cote Maconnais

Pouilly-sur-Loire (Poo-yee sur L’war)

White wine vineyard town in the Loire Valley

Pouilly-Vinzelles (Poo-yee Veng-zel)

White wine commune in the Cote Maconnais

Premeaux (Pray-mo)

Red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Premiere taille (Pruh-m’yair tie)

The second pressing in Champagne

Preuses (Les) Pruhz)

A Grand Cru in Chablis

Provence (Pro-vengss)

The vineyard region of the French Riviera

Puligny-Montrachet (Pu-leen-yee Mohng-ra-shay)

White wine commune in the Cote de Beaune

Pupitres (pu-peetr)

Slanting cellar racks (riddling) used in Champagne

Qualitatswein (Kua-lee-taits-vine)

Quality German table wine

Quarts de Chaume (Kar duh Showm)

Small white wine appellation in Anjou-Saumur

Quincy (Keng-see)

Small vineyard town in the central Loire

Rauzan-Gassies (Row-sahng Fas-see)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Rausan-Segla (Row-sahng Say-gla)

A Classified Second Growth in Medoc (Margaux)

Rayne-Vigneau (de) (Rain-veen-yo)

A Classified First Growth in Sauternes

Rebeche (ruh-besh)

The fourth pressing in Champagne

Remuage (ruh-m’wahzh)

Jiggling? Champagne in secondary fermentation

Reuilly (Roy-yee)

Small vineyard town in the central Loire

Rheims (Rengss)

The capital of the Champagne region

Rheingau (Rine-gow)

A vineyard area of the Rhine

Rheinhesse (Rine-hess-seh)

A vineyard area of the Rhine

Rheinpfalz/Palatinate (Rine-pfahlz)

A vineyard area of the Rhine

Richebourg (Le) (Reesh-boorg)

Red Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

Riesling (Rees-ling)

The noble grape in Alsace and Germany

Rieussec (R’yuh-sek)

A Classified First Growth in Sauternes

Romanee (La) (Ro-ma-nay)

Red Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

Romanee-Conti (La) (Ro-ma-nay Kohn-tee)

Red Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

Romanee-St. Vivant (Ro-ma-nay Seng-Vee-vahng)

Red Grand Cru in Vosne-Romanee

Rose d’Anjou (Ro-zay dahn-zhoo)

A vin rose from Anjou (Loire)

Rotenfels (Ro-ten-fels)

An important vineyard in the Nahe

Rudesheim (Roo-dess-hime)

Westernmost vineyard village of the Rheingau

Rudesheimer Berg (Roo-dess-him-er Bairg)

Finest vineyards in Rudesheim (Rheingau)

Rugiens (Les) (Ru-zheng)

Red Premier Cru in Pommard

Rully (Ru-yee)

A commune in the Cote Chalonnais

Ruwer (Ru-ver)

A vineyard area of the Upper Moselle

Saar (Zar)

A vineyard area of the Upper Moselle

Saint-Amour (Seng Ta-moor)

The northernmost commune in Beaujolais

Saint-Marc (Sahng-mar)

A Classified Great Growth in Barsac (Sauternes)

Ste. Roseline (Sahnt Rose-leen)

The foremost chateau-bottled vin rose (Provence)

Sancerre (Sahng-sair)

A vineyard town in the central Loire Valley

Santenay (Sahng-tuh-nay)

Southernmost commune in the Cote de Beaune

Santenote (Les) (Sahn-tuh-no)

Red Premier Cru in Volnay

Sassella (Sahs-sel-la)

A red wine from Valtellina (Lombardy)

Saumur (So-mur)

An important white wine of the Loire

Sauternes (So-tairn)

White wine region of Bordeaux

Sauvignon Blanc (So-vee-yohng Blahng)

Major white wine grape of Graves

Savennieres (Sa-ven-yair)

A small appellation in Anjou-Saumur

Savigny-les-Beaune (Sa-veen-yee-lay-Bone)

Red wine commune in the Cote de Beaune

Scharzhof (Sharts-hohf)

A famous estate in Wiltingen (Saar)

Schloss Johannisberg (Shlohss Yo-ha-nis-bairg)

Most famous vineyard of Johannisberg (Rheingau)

Schloss Vollrads (Shlohss fohl-rahts)

Most famous vineyard of Winkel (Rheingau)

Sec (Sek)

Very Sweet

Semillon (Say-meel-yohng)

Major grape of the Sauternes

Sicily (Sis-sil-ly)

Island Department at southern tip of Italy

Soave (So-ah-vay)

A Veronese white wine

Solutre (So-lu-tray)

White wine village in the Cote Maconnais

Sonnenuhr (Zoh-nen-oor)

Most famous vineyard in Wehlen (Moselle)

Spatlese (Shpayt-leh-seh)

Late-picked fully-ripened grapes

Steinberg (Shtine-bairg)

Most famous vineyard in Hattenheim (Rheingau)

Steinwein (Shtine-Vine)

The generic name for Franconian wines

St. Emilion (Seng-tay-meel-yohng)

Red wine district of Bordeaux

St. Estephe (Seng-tes-teff)

A principal parish in the Haut-Medoc

St. Julien (Seng zhul-yeng)

A principal parish in the Haut-Medoc

Strasbourg (Strahss-boorg)

The capital of Alsace

Sylvaner (Sil-va-ner)

White wine grape used in Alsace and Germany

Syrah (See-ra)

Red wine grape of the Cotes du Rhone

Tafelwein (Tah-fel-vine)

Ordinary German table wine

Talbot (Tahl-bo)

A Classified Fourth Growth in Medoc (St. Julien)

Talence (Ta-lawnce)

A principal parish in Graves

Tastes (de) (Tahst)

A Classified Growth in Sainte-Croix-du-Mont

Tavel (Ta-vel)

Vin Rose commune in the Cotes du Rhone

Teurons (Les) (Toor-ohng)

Red Premier Cru in Beaune

Tiergarten (Teer-gar-ten)

An important vineyard in Trier (Ruwer)

Traminer (Tra-min-ner)

White wine grape used mainly in Alsace

Trier (Tree-yer)

An important city on the Moselle

Trockenbeerenauslese (Tro-ken-be-ren-ous-ley-zuh)

Semi-dried or shriveled grapes

Tuscany (Tuss-ca-nee)

A Department in central Italy

Umbria (Oom-bree-ya)

A west central Department of Italy

Valmur (Vahl-mur)

A Grand Cru in Chablis

Valpolicella (Vahl-po-lee-chel-la)

Veronese red wine

Valtellina (Vahl-tel-lee-na)

A red wine region in northern Lombardy

Vaudesir (Vo-day-zeer)

A Grand Cru in Chablis

Verdicchio (Vair-deek-yo)

A pale white wine from Marche

Vergisson (Vair-zhee-sohng)

A white wine village in the Cote Maconnais

Verona (Veh-ro-na)

A Department in Northern Italy

Vieux-Chateau-Certan (V’yuh Sha-toh Sair-tahng)

A Great First Growth in Pomerol

Villefranche (Veel-frawnsh)

Main city of Beaujolais

Vino dell’Elba (Vee-no del El-ba)

A light white wine from Elba (Tuscany)

Vin Santo (Veen Sahn-toh)

A white dessert wine from Tuscany

Voignier (Vwahm-yay)

White wine grape of the Cotes du Rhone

Volnay (Vohl-nay)

Red wine commune in Cote de Beaune

Volnay-Santenots (Vohl-nay Sahn-tuh-no)

Red Premier Cru in Volnay

Vosges (Mountains) (Vohzh)

Mountains on western border of Alsace

Vosne-Romanee (Vone Ro-ma-nay)

Red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Vougeot (Voo-zhoh)

Red wine commune in the Cote de Nuits

Vouvray (Voov-ray)

Important white wine in the Coteaux de Touraine

Wehlen (Veh-len)

A vineyard village of the Rheingau

Wurzburg (Vurts-boorg)

The main city of Franconia

Yquem (d’) (Dee-Kem)

The Classified Superior first Growth (Sauternes)

Zell (Tsell)

A vineyard village of the Middle Moselle

Zeller Schwarze Katz (Tsell-er Shvar-tseh Kahtz)

The “black cat” wine from Zell (Moselle)

Zeltinger (Tsel-ting-er)

A large vineyard town on the Moselle

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GLOSSARY OF SPANISH WINE TERMS

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Bodega

A winery or large winery building where wines are
matured and stored; a wine cellar; a small wine shop.

Bodeguero

A bodega owner; winemaker

Cava

Sparkling wine made by the methode champenoise technique
as in Champagne; a
winery which makes sparkling wines.

Consejo Regulador

The regulatory agency which governs each denominacion
de origen and promotes the wines of that region.

Cosecha

Vintage; harvest. Cosecha 1992, etc.

Crianza, Vino de

Wine aged in accordance with the regulations set by
the consejo regulador (regulatory council) for each denominacion de origen.

Denominacion de Origen (DO)

Denomination of Origin. Guarantee of origin.

Dulce

Sweet

Elaborado por

Produced, matured by.

Embotellado por

Bottled by

Flor – (flower)

Yeast which grows on the surface of fine sherries.

Jerez

Sherry. Jerez de la Frontera, the main town of the
Sherry district.

Reserva & Gran Reserva

Reserve wines. Can only carry this designation if
certain aging requirements are met.

Seco

Dry. (Blanco Seco = Dry White)

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Solera System

A complicated network of barrels used to make Sherry,
Montilla, Condados, and other fortified wines.

Uva

Grape.

Vendimia

The whole process of bringing in the grapes to be
made into wine. The vintage.

Vino de calidad (Quality wine)

Must come from a DO or DE. Only wine made from the
free-run or lightly pressed juice of ripe healthy grapes, which has undergone
a temperature controlled fermentation, qualifies.

Vino de cosecha, or vendimia

Wines of a particular vintage year. In special cases,
if the purpose is to improve the quality of the wine, a maximum of 15% of wine
of a previous year may be added.

Vina, Vinedo

Vineyard.

Vino Blanco

White wine.

Vino Fino de Mesa

Fine table wine.

Vino Rosado

Rose or blush wine

Vino Tinto

Red wine.

Vino Generoso

Special aged dry or sweet wines of higher alcoholic
strength than table wines. From the Latin term for excellence. Sherries are vinos
generosos.

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