Botrytis cinerea is the mold (fungus) referred to as the "Noble Rot" (in French "Pourriture Noble, German "Edel Faule") that can form on the skins of grapes under very special circumstances. The result of botrytis cinerea is that the flavor of the grapes...
Bottle aging allows wine to acquire complexity, depth, and fine texture in the bottle. Some of the finer wines, in particular the red wines, require the consumer to adhere to this process. Bottle aging is also known as aging "on the yeast" or "en tirage".
It is common for wines which have just been bottled to display smells not unlike hot plastic. These off smells dissipate over time. Wines which have been subjected to harsh conditions during shipment will also often go through periods of bottle sickness....
Wine Bottle Sizes:
Split 187 ml
Half Bottle 375 ml
Imperial Pint 19.5 fluid ounces
Standard Bottle 750 ml
Magnum 1.5 litres or 2 bottles
Double Magnum 3.0 litres or 4 bottles
Jeroboam 4.5 litres or 6 bottles
Rehoboam (Champagne only - Same as Jeroboam)